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What are the effects of probiotics? How does the cabbage fermentation work?

Today diet plays an important role in maintaining and improving health, as well as promoting growth and development. With processed foods, the consumption of which is increasing exponentially every day, the ingredients of the foods and their harmlessness have become a question mark. In the light of studies on food poisoning, food allergies, obesity, heart disease, and cancer; The numerous benefits of prebiotics and probiotics have been recognized by many authorities. In this context, Ferdinand Vergin said for the first time that foods with beneficial bacteria were introduced.probiotic“He called it. In the article he published; He introduced probiotics as beneficial bacteria that reduce the harmful effects of antibiotics.

The human digestive system is surrounded by complex ecosystems made up of microorganisms. Gut bacteria not only live in their common areas, they develop with other hosts in the intestinal area. There are beneficial bacteria in the gut as well and these bacteria have many important activities related to the human digestive system.

Probiotic bacteria produce nutrients for their habitats and eliminate the harmful effects of pathogenic bacteria. They also modulate normal immunological, i.e. immune, responses.

Changes in the microbiota are very important to provide, renew and protect the intestinal balance. The addition of probiotics, symbiotics, and prebiotics that contribute to the digestive system in this way is very beneficial.

Which foods contain probiotics and prebiotics?

These beneficial bacteria can be obtained from raw vegetables and fruits, fermented cucumbers, and fermented milk products. Other notable sources are drug formulations and functional foods.

How does the cabbage fermentation work?

With cabbage fermentation, no initial hardening is required to start fermentation. The lactic acid bacteria naturally occurring in cabbage carry out the fermentation. Lactic acid bacteria are more common in the outer leaves and decrease as they get to the core.

During self-fermentation, lactic acid bacteria first convert glucose into compounds such as alcohol and carbon dioxide. This process, known as heterofermentation, takes place within 3 to 7 days. The next stage is homofermentation, during which only lactic acid is produced for 10-14 days.

When the cultures performing the fermentation are characterized; First stage bacteria Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus brevis while second stage bacteria Pediococcus cerevisiae and Lactobacillus plantarum It was concluded.

I want to talk about a recent study on probiotics from 2019:

  • After 1 week of adaptation, mice from the Chongqing Medical University Experimental Animal Center were randomly divided into 5 groups (normal, model, Lactobacillus fermentum, L-carnitine and Lactobacillus delbrueckii). Mice in the normal group were programmed on a low-fat diet (10%) while mice in the other four groups were programmed on a high-fat diet (45%) for 8 weeks. The body weights of the mice were recorded weekly throughout the experiment.

In this study; in mice Lactobacillus fermentumThe anti-obesity effects of.

Results; Lactobacillus fermentumshowed that abnormal lipid metabolism in serum and liver tissues can be effectively alleviated, and liver damage induced by obesity can be alleviated.

  • Results; Lactobacillus fermentumshowed that it was able to significantly control obesity caused by high fat diets in rats and thereby reduce the risk of lipid metabolism disorders.

As a result of this study; Lactobacillus fermentumIt was found to be a microbial source with excellent biological activity in mice that regulates lipid metabolism, thus protecting the liver and preventing obesity.

Summarize;
Probiotics, especially for gastrointestinal diseases (short bowel syndrome, digestive disorders, Helicobacter pyloriIt is known to have beneficial effects in eliminating inflammatory bowel disease, diarrhea, etc., and allergic diseases. In addition to these known effects, we evaluated in the last study; It has been shown that probiotic bacteria also show beneficial beneficial effects in the treatment of obesity and disorders of lipid metabolism.

´Sli˙zewska, PM (2017). Effects of probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics on human health. Nutrient.

Kai Zhu, FT (2019). Anti-obesity effects of Lactobacillus fermentum CQPC05 isolated from Sichuan pickle in high-fat, obese mice via the PPAR-α signaling pathway. Microorganisms.

Laura Lavefve, DM (2018). Microbial ecology of fermented vegetables and soft drinks and current knowledge about their effects on human health. 2019 Elsevier Inc.

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